The US is home to six of the world’s ten costliest stadiums, while the UK, Singapore, Russia and Australia have one each. The majority of the stadiums host matches of the National Football League while some of them are used for cricket and baseball. Designbuild Network lists the top ten stadiums in the world by the cost of construction.
Top ten stadiums in the world: the most expensive
1. SoFi Stadium – $5.5bn
2. Allegiant Stadium – $1.9bn
3. Mercedes-Benz Stadium – $1.5bn
4. Tottenham Hotspur Stadium – $1.33bn
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5. Singapore National Stadium – $1.31bn
6. Levi’s Stadium – $1.3bn
7. Globe Life Field – $1.2bn
8. Krestovsky Stadium – $1.1bn
9. US Bank Stadium – $1.06bn
10. Optus Stadium – $1bn
1. SoFi Stadium
Developed with an investment of $5.5bn, the SoFi stadium and entertainment complex is located in Inglewood, California, US, at the former site of the Hollywood Park racetrack. It is the centrepiece of a planned 298-acre mixed-use development of the Hollywood Park neighbourhood, which comprises retail units, office space, outdoor parks, a hotel, and residential units.
The National Football League’s (NFL) biggest stadium, SoFi Stadium is an indoor-outdoor stadium developed by NFL team Los Angeles Rams’ owner Stanley Kroenke. It is the home venue of the Los Angeles Chargers and Los Angeles Rams. Opened in September 2020, the stadium will host major events such as Super Bowl LVI in 2022, the College Football Championship Game in 2023, and the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games in 2028.
It is named after personal finance company Social Finance (SoFi), which secured the naming rights to the stadium in September 2019. Designed by HKS, the stadium can hold more than 70,000 spectators and has provision for expansion by an additional 30,000 seats for larger events.
Measuring 3.1 million square feet (MMSF), the SoFi facility features the stadium, a 2.5-acre covered outdoor plaza, and a 6,000-seat performance venue. The stadium has a single-layer ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) roof, which allows natural light, protects guests from direct sun, and reduces solar gain entering the venue.
2. Allegiant Stadium
Owned by the Las Vegas Stadium Authority, Allegiant Stadium is located next to the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada, US. It is the home of the Las Vegas Raiders of the NFL and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) Rebels football team. Situated on a 25ha site, the $1.9bn stadium was opened in July 2020 and is operated by ASM Global.
The ten-level domed stadium features a seven-acre translucent ETFE roof that protects players and fans from heat. It also includes a 27,600ft² media mesh video screen facing Interstate 15 for videos and images to be displayed for people outside the stadium, and large retractable curtain-like side windows facing the Las Vegas Strip.
With a seating capacity of 65,000, the stadium is designed to host both sporting events and concerts. It has 127 suites and 8,000 club seats. It is equipped with a movable tray, which allows the use of both natural grass and artificial turf playing surfaces. The retractable natural turf field is used for the NFL while the artificial turf surface is intended for UNLV.
3. Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Mercedes-Benz Stadium is a multipurpose stadium developed at a cost of $1.6bn. Located in the heart of Atlanta, Georgia, US, it is owned and operated by AMB Sports and Entertainment (AMBSE).
The stadium was opened in August 2017 and is the home venue of the Atlanta Falcons football and the Atlanta United soccer teams. The multipurpose stadium is used for conducting sports, civic, cultural, and private events.
Spanning approximately 2MMSF, Mercedes-Benz Stadium has the capacity to accommodate up to 80,000 spectators. The LEED Platinum-certified stadium includes sustainability features such as effective water capture and reuse system, as well as more than 4,000 photovoltaic panels.
Its retractable roof resembles a camera oculus comprising eight petals. It opens in eight minutes and closes in seven. A 360° halo scoreboard running along the entire perimeter of the roof provides high-definition LED video display.
4. Tottenham Hotspur Stadium
Built with an estimated investment of more than $1.33bn, Tottenham Hotspur Stadium in London, UK, is the home to English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur. It can host different events, including NFL, rugby, football, and concerts.
With 62,062 seats, it is the biggest club ground in London and the second biggest in the Premier League. The stadium has a one-of-a-kind microbrewery, Europe’s longest bar, with state-of-the-art beer dispensers. Built on the site of Tottenham Hotspur’s 118-year White Hart Lane home, the new stadium was opened in April 2019.
The stadium features the first pitch in the UK that can be retracted underneath in three separate sections. It will also host American football games for the next ten years.
5. Singapore National Stadium
Located in Kallang, the Singapore National Stadium is a multipurpose stadium that hosts major association football matches, including the Singapore national team’s home fixtures. Officially opened in June 2014, it was built on the site of the former National Stadium.
The National Stadium is the largest all-weather sports and events venue in the country with a seating capacity of 55,000. It is the focal point of the larger Singapore Sports Hub complex, an integrated entertainment, sports, and lifestyle hub.
Key design features of the stadium include the world’s largest free-spanning dome and a retractable roof. The multipurpose stadium is also equipped with a bowl-cooling system for spectator comfort.
6. Levi’s Stadium
Located in Santa Clara, California, US, Levi’s Stadium is home to NFL’s San Francisco 49ers football team. It was opened in 2014 and is named after Levi Strauss & Co., which acquired the naming rights in 2013.
One of the most technologically advanced stadiums in the NFL, Levi’s® Stadium was designed by HNTB and built by Turner/Devcon. It is owned by the City of Santa Clara and operated by the Santa Clara Stadium Authority.
The $1.3bn stadium extends over 1.85MMSF and has approximately 68,500 seats. Certified LEED Gold, the facility features three solar bridges connecting the main parking area to the stadium, comprising hundreds of solar panels, and a ‘Green Roof’ on top of the suite tower.
7. Globe Life Field
Globe Life Field is a baseball park in Arlington, Texas, US, built under a public-private partnership between the City of Arlington and the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball (MLB). Spanning 1.8MMSF, it features a specially designed synthetic grass playing surface and a 5.5-acre retractable roof, which is the world’s largest single-panel operable roof.
Built at a cost of approximately $1.3bn, the stadium can accommodate 40,300 spectators on seven seating levels. It is designed with transparent building materials to provide open views.
Opened in May 2020, the stadium is named after Globe Life and Accident Insurance Company. Its north side entrance has a large glass wall and provides a connection to the adjacent Texas Live! entertainment complex, which features a hotel, convention centre, restaurants, retail, and other entertainment venues.
8. Krestovsky Stadium
Krestovsky Stadium, also known as Gazprom Arena, is located in Krestovsky Island in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Opened in 2017, the stadium is the home venue of Russian professional football club FC Zenit Saint Petersburg and served as one of the venues for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
The $1.1bn stadium has a retractable roof and can host a range of events, including football games, large exhibitions, concerts, seminars, and conferences. Built on the site of the former Kirov Stadium, it has the capacity to hold more than 67,000 spectators.
The movable field system ensures the turf stays fresh round the year while the roof has a hot air-inflated membrane structure which helps melt the snow during winter. Sustainability features of Krestovsky Stadium include rainwater and drainage water recycling system, as well as the use of solar energy.
9. US Bank Stadium
US Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota, US, was built by Mortenson Construction and designed by HKS and Vikings Stadium Consortium comprising Studio Hive, Studio Five & Lawal Scott Erickson Architects. The stadium was opened in July 2016 and hosted its first Super Bowl in February 2018.
Home to NFL’s Minnesota Vikings, it is owned by the Minnesota Sports Facilities Authority and has more than 66,000 seats.
The construction of the multi-purpose stadium involved an estimated investment of $1.06bn. The 1.8MMSF facility has a translucent ETFE roof designed to withstand harsh climatic conditions and allow natural daylight inside. US Bank Stadium has won LEED Platinum and LEED Gold certifications.
10. Optus Stadium
The 60,000-seat Optus Stadium is a multipurpose world-class venue in Perth, Western Australia. It hosts major national and international sporting and entertainment events including Australian Rules Football, cricket, and rugby. The seating capacity can be increased to up to 65,000.
Opened in January 2018, it is Australia’s third-largest stadium. It is owned by the Western Australian State Government and operated by management and hospitality services company VenuesLive. The stadium offers views of the Swan River and Perth city in the west and of the foothills in the east.
The five-tiered Optus Stadium has a bronze facade reflecting Western Australia’s geology and a lightweight fabric roof that covers more than 85% of the seats.