Battersea Power Station in London, UK, is being redeveloped as part of a seven-phased, £8bn ($13.36bn)-worth redevelopment project. It was fully decommissioned in 1983 and given Grade II* building status.
The project is located opposite Chelsea, about one mile from the Houses of Parliament, and about 400m stretch of the site is directly oriented towards River Thames. The site is owned by a Malaysian consortium comprising of S P Setia, Sime Darby, and Employees Provident Fund (EPF).
The master plan for the mixed-use development was designed by Rafael Viñoly. The project is being carried out by Battersea Power Station Development Company. It is expected to generate more than 15,000 jobs.
Construction work for the first phase of the project, named Circus West, was started in July 2013, while the preliminary works for the second phase, which involves the restoration of the Battersea Power Station, were started in February 2014.
The design for the third phase, which primarily involves the creation of a new high street known as The Electric Boulevard, was unveiled in April 2014 by Gehry Partners and Foster + Partners. The proposed Phase 3b received a recommendation for approval in June 2020.
The Electric Boulevard will serve as the main gateway to the entire Battersea development area by connecting it with the Northern Line Extension station.
Master plan for the Battersea Power Station redevelopment project
The project’s master plan was approved by Wandsworth Council and the Mayor of London in 2010, while the Secretary of State approved the project in August 2011. The entire project is expected to continue until 2025.
The overall site covers an area of 42 acres (17ha), of which 18 acres (7.28ha) will be public space and six acres will be used to create a river side park. The redevelopment will involve the construction of 3,444 new residential homes, 517 affordable homes, restoration of the power station itself, construction of a new tube station, 2.5 million square feet of office and retail space, a library, a medical centre, and childcare facilities.
Circus West Village details
Circus West involved the construction of 866 apartments, townhouses, penthouses, two offices, shops, and leisure and hospitality areas. It has more than 1,000 residents and also features a Resident’s club and bar, including a private cinema, a library, private dining rooms, a business centre, a gym, a spa and a swimming pool.
A new pedestrian and cycle route providing access to the amenities of Circus West from the eastern side of the power station was opened in December 2017.
The apartments under this phase range from eight to 18 storeys. The facility opened 23 restaurants, bars, cafes, shops, and leisure facilities as part of the redevelopment. A 5,000ft² community arts and cultural centre, known as The Village Hall, is currently operational.
Excavated materials from the site were transported using two barges to Veolia in Rainham, Essex, where they will be recycled and reused in other construction projects. The use of the barges with a capacity of 1,000t each enables to cut down approximately six tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions a day.
Battersea Power Station restoration
The £750m ($1.25bn) Battersea Power Station restoration or Phase II will create 254 apartments within and above the power station. The apartments are sub-divided into the Switch House East, the Switch House West and the Boiler House Square, depending on the location.
Each of the apartments under this phase will have access to more than 1.5 acres of roof top gardens. Majority of the apartments will have their own private outdoor space. Homes located in the Boiler House Square will further face an open area on the roof. The basement area of the power house will feature the plant room and a car park.
The power station will be restored, generating clean energy by using renewable fuels.
Phase II will further create 18 acres of new public space, a six-acre public park, office space for 5,000 people, up to 200 shops and restaurants, and leisure and recreation facilities. An auditorium with a capacity of 2,000 people will be located on level two of the building.
The design also incorporates a central atrium, which will provide full view of all the four chimneys from inside.
The four 101m-tall chimneys of the power station will also be dismantled and reconstructed. A glass viewing platform will be installed on top of the North West chimney enabling people to get a 360° view of the city at a height of 110m.
The rebuilding of the chimneys is planned for completion in 2016, while the entire Phase II is expected to be completed by 2020 and opened to the public in 2021.
Phase III of Battersea Power Station redevelopment project
Besides The Electric Boulevard, the design for Phase III incorporates the construction of about 1,300 apartments on either side of the boulevard, a 160-room hotel, 350,000 square feet of retail and restaurant space, and leisure space. The third phase is proposed to be developed in three smaller phases, namely Phases 3a, 3b and 3c.
The buildings to the east of the boulevard were designed by Gehry Partners, while the building to the west of the boulevard, including 103 affordable homes, hotel and retail areas, were designed by Foster + Partners. The latest project site designs prepared by Foster + Partners, Gehry Partners and WilkinsonEyre were unveiled in June 2019.
Contractors and financing for Battersea Power Station redevelopment
The Phase I construction was carried out by Carillon under a contract worth £400m ($668m), while the design for the facilities under Phase I was provided by Ian Simpson Architects and de Ryke Marsh Morgan (dRMM). The interior design for the penthouses was provided by Linley.
The design for Phase II was provided by Wilkinson Eyre, while MACE has been appointed to carry out the preliminary works. The interior designs for Phase II will be carried out by Michaelis Boyd Architects. The landscaping for the phase will be carried out by LDA Design, while Andy Sturgeon Landscape and Garden Design will act as consultants to LDA Design to create the roof gardens above the power station.
Buro Happold won a contract to carry out the civil engineering, facade engineering, fire engineering, flood risk management, geotechnical engineering, inclusive design, river engineering and structural engineering for the Phase II.
A syndicated loan, amounting to £790.2m ($1.32bn), was provided by a group of international banks including CIMB (bookrunner and joint mandated lead arranger), OCBC, Standard Chartered and Maybank (joint mandated lead arrangers) in November 2013.